Israel became very numerous, Egypt became afraid of them so they enslave the to make sure they never overtook them. ~300 years after Joseph
Pharaoh put all the Israelite firstborn boys in the nile
Moses is born, hidden for a while until the parent's can hide him anymore. they hide him in a basket and put him in the reeds of the nile. Pharaoh's daughter bathing finds him, his sister was waiting and offers to find someone to nurse the baby (their mom lol), then Pharaoh's daughter raises the Moses.
Later he kills an Egyptian who was beating and Israelite and hides the body, people find out and he becomes fugitive, flees to Midian (other side of the mouth of the red sea)
finds some men and women in the woods, the men keeping the women from getting water, he gives them water and they give him a place to stay
eventually he is given one of the daughters as a wife and is in charge of the flocks and herds
40 years later
sees a bush on fire that isn't burning, it starts talking to him 😯 "I am yaweh" and he covers his face. God calls on Moses to lead the Israelites out of Egypt, since he is uniquely close to Pharaoh and an Israelite, but he has a price on his head so he is reluctant. Moses asks who should he say sent him? (Egypt is polytheist so they would ask which god sent him). God gives him staff that turn to snake and he can make his hand sick and unsick, proof he acting on the authority and power of God.
Moses worried he can't be eloquent enough (speech impediment), God lets his brother Aaron go with him.
Moses goes to Pharaoh and tells him to let my people go and worship or else plague, then plague, then he lets them go. Pharaoh is humbled
the plagues were antithesis of various Egyptian gods (blood river @ god of nile, darkness on god of sun Ra, etc.
Israelites yeet out of Egypt, Pharaoh chases them with the army. they go thru the magic gap in reed sea, 1-3 million Israelites escape
need food, yearning back for Egypt where they had food, God rain's manna and quail. they can't gather more than a days food or it rots. God reminding them who he is, they've spent hundreds of years around polytheist Egyptians.
Moses receives 10 commandments on mt sinai, lots of instructions to God's people. While he is up there the people don't know if he's coming back so they make a gold calf as a god and worship it.
7th years are sabbath year, after 49th year is year of jubilee, second sabbath year to round out to 50, land is returned to its original owners, everybody is equal.
book starts with the census
God has Moses send 12 spies into the promise land to scope it out, 1 for each tribe of Israel, tribes are each son of Jacob.
the land is as good as it was rumored to be, but strong people live there and the cities are fortified
Israelites scared, would rather go back to Egypt than try to defeat the people in the promised land
they are doubtful yet this generation of Israelite leadership has seen more miracles from God than any other, so this generation will not be the one to go into the land bc they lacked faith
so they get to wander the desert for 40 years